Tag Archives: household

Comfort Zones

unity2Two things have happened recently which set me thinking about comfort zones, now and in the past. First, I gave a talk for Unity Arts as part of their HLF-funded project ‘A Restoration Wyfe – A Saucy London Life’. The talk was called ‘The interior life of the Restoration wife’, and it was about the changing relationship between interiors and women’s lives between the 16th and the 18th Centuries. I started off with the china scene from William Wycherley’s 1675 play The Country Wife, with its blistering run of double entendres:

Mrs Squeamish: Oh Lord I’ll have some china too, good Mr. Horner, don’t think to give other people china, and me none, come in with me too.

Horner: Upon my honour I have none left now.

Mrs Squeamish: Nay, nay I have known you deny your china before now, but you shan’t put me off so, come —

Horner: This Lady had the last there.

Lady Fidget: Yes indeed Madam, to my certain knowledge he has no more left.

(you can watch it here, about half way through the clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ROI9FhR6URI)

Then we cut back to Thomas Bentley’s 1582 The Monument of Matrons, in which he outlines a routine of early morning prayer in the chamber: ‘Putting on your neerest garment [your clean smock], praie thus:…O cover thou my nakednesse and shame with the fine linnen robe of his righteousnesse and vertue…Yea, make thou my linnen cloaths as white as snowe, and shining like the light’ (pp. 369-71). The point of the talk was to explore how we might get from one chamber to another: how representations of the room changed from a space of pious meditation to one that could be represented as a scene for debauchery, even if it was happening just off stage.

So the barest bones of the talk were the way sixteenth-century halls were ceiled over to provide chambers up above, and the effects this had on the specificity of space – the division of activities between rooms, the creation of rooms that were intended for sleeping and not much else, and the significance of ‘going upstairs’ at night time. And we looked at the development of closets and dressing rooms in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries – the movement to entertaining in small spaces for more intimate sociabilities – comfortable and comforting rooms filled with women’s personally significant objects. The changing way women decorated chambers revealed a great deal about their ‘interior lives’. We also discussed who was allowed in; the permeability of rooms and houses. Watching early modern comfort zones shift in location and boundaries gave me back something of that shock of the new that you lose when you forget what happens before and after the period you work on.

unity5And the other thing that’s happened is that I’m now the DoRPE in the School of English at Kent or, marginally more attractively, the Director of Research and Public Engagement, which has led me to thinking about how we start conversations about the past with people outside our departments. The way Unity Arts ran this event was fascinating. The talk came after a series of songs from the period sung by costumed singers and a reading from Pepys’ Diary, all at the Geffrye Museum of the Home, where the audience could wander around period rooms before and afterwards. And the whole event was set against the full-sized recreation of a Restoration bed they’d produced, and in the context of the research they’d done on portraits and Restoration wedding documents in the local archive. This was an event with previous form – a culmination of other kinds of exploration – and that really came across. It gave them a range of different ways of getting at a central problem – what was the life of a Restoration wife like? – and what it offered its audience wasn’t a holistic package (a kind of living history where you are supposed to forget you’re in Hoxton in 2013) so much as a variety that kept changing your point of view. Have a look at this video of a previous piece of work, shown again at the Geffrye, for instance – it’s all about view point: http://youtu.be/O0fFJXl1gH8

And speaking in this setting was naturally engaging, both for me and, I hope, for the audience. It couldn’t possibly be a passive event. Talking about place as part of an experience, rather than doing it cold in a lecture theatre, and seeing research as animated – as a performance of words – made a space for understanding domestic experience that was very different to what I’m used to. It made a lecture into a moment at which things might be coaxed into coming together. And it made demands on us all to imagine, and to think of the constraints on imagining too. That’s when things start to happen – when, in talking it through in an inspiring space with an audience who keep asking interesting questions, you start to see the evidence you work with differently. Way outside my academic comfort zone it felt to me as though this was a different kind of ‘located’ engagement. It would be interesting to know what others think…




Filed under Catherine

Conference Programme – Ways of Seeing the English Domestic Interior

Here is the Conference programme for this event at the Geffrye Museum next month. It is still possible to register – please see details below…

Ways of Seeing the English Domestic Interior, 1500-1700

The Geffrye Museum of the Home, 12th September 2013

FREE Conference Registration now open. Please note: there are a limited number of places which will be allocated on a first-come, first-served basis.

To reserve a place at this conference please email Claire Taylor: C.L.Taylor@kent.ac.uk

This conference explores how people engaged with decorated domestic interiors in early modern England, and considers how we might use this information to enhance our experience of visiting historic properties in the twenty-first century.


Lady Paine’s Bed-chamber at Strangers’ Hall, Norwich, showing replica dornix hangings

The event will promote and facilitate active dialogue across two complementary strands; firstly the conference represents the culmination of an AHRC-funded research network, focused specifically on the experience of decorative textiles from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Papers will present new information about a range of textile objects, exploring the activities and findings of this project with a focus on the collaborative research methods that could be applied to a broader range of pre-modern objects and spaces.

The second strand will explore potential directions for interdisciplinary and cross-sector research for the study and presentation of domestic interiors. We will hear about various projects utilising recent developments in visualisation technologies and digital humanities to facilitate engagement with virtual or augmented spaces and objects.

Speakers will include experts on early modern textiles and domestic interiors as well as leading computer and cognitive scientists working on visualisation and vision.

Please let Claire know about any dietary or special requirements when requesting a place.

1 Comment

Filed under Uncategorized

‘Piecing it out’: material culture in bits

We’ve launched The Household Account Book of Sir Thomas Puckering at long last! This wonderful document, which lists all Sir Thomas’s purchases for 1620 while he was at his home at The Priory in Warwick and while he was lodging in The Strand in London, has taken Mark Merry  and I something close to a decade to edit. It’s finally come out with the Dugdale Society.

A couple of years ago we were three days from submitting it when we came upon a new body of evidence – receipts for food and bills submitted by Puckering’s suppliers which the antiquarian William Dugdale had used as scrap paper for his Antiquities of Warwickshire. It was a large early modern paper jigsaw – hundreds of scraps of evidence with indexes written around and on the back of them – but putting it together allowed us to see a fuller picture of the nitty gritty of Puckering’s household’s daily life. The bill above turns out to be from Robert Lewis, his chamberlain – a corresponding entry in the account book reads ‘Paid, as appears in a bill of Ro: Lewis his of this date, for 3 elns of greene taffata to make a head-piece to my greene taffata bedd with the nett vallance, at 14s 8d the eln…44s’. Lewis buys the raw materials and then makes up or mends a good deal of the furnishings at The Priory.

But thinking about our painstaking work of tessellating tiny scraps of paper and the evidence they contain, it doesn’t provide a bad metaphor for our interest in the account book itself. Once we’d become familiar with it, we started to ‘see’ Puckering’s household in the amalgam of his various entries. It was a process of material assembly – watching furniture being planned and then put together from wood, a wide variety of nails, padding and then, finally, the valuable outer fabric that was its public face. And reading through the year, we watched the house change with the seasons: 1s 5d for ‘holly, yew and rosemary used in dressing up my house against Christmas’, or 7s ‘unto Dunckley the joiner for a wainscot frame (to be painted) to hide my turret chimney in summer’.

The launch party was late in the evening, after hours in Warwick County Record Office – document tables pushed back to the walls to make space. The WCRO is built on the site of Puckering’s Priory. A very small amount of the original house is still there, around the edges of the car park, but its impressive central ranges were shipped to the States in the 1920s, where they were reassembled in a different order to become Virginia House. So if we want to know about Puckering’s Priory, as with so much early modern material culture, we have to reconstruct it one small detail at a time, building it up – translating the textual into the material – piecing it out in the mind’s eye…

1 Comment

Filed under Catherine